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Difference Between Mold and Yeast

Difference Between Mold and Yeast

S.N.

Characteristics

Mold

Yeast

1

HabitatTypically found in damp, dark or steam-filled areas.Very common. Can be found on fruit and berries, in the stomach of mammals and on skin, among other places.

2

CellMulticellular (multiple celled)Unicellular (one cell)

3

ShapeFilamentous fungi, ThreadlikeRound or oval in shape

4

AppearanceFuzzy appearance and can be an orange, green, black, brown, pink or purple in color.White and thready.

5

HyphaeMolds have microscopic filaments called hyphae.Yeasts do not have true hyphae. Instead they form

multicellular structures

called pseudo-hyphae.

6

TypesThere are 400,000 types of molds.There are 1500 types of yeasts.

7

SporingMold is a sporing fungiYeast is a not a sporing species of fungi.

8

ReproductionSexually and asexually reproduce into multi-cellular form.They reproduce mostly asexually (budding).

9

Asexual SporesSporangiospores and ConidiaBlastospore

10

Sexual SporesZygospores, Ascospores, and BasidiosporesNo Sexual Spores.

11

ColorfulMolds are very colorful compared to yeast.Yeast are less colorful compared to molds (colorless).

12

ExamplesAlternaria, Aspergillus, Fusarium, Mucor, Penicillium, Rhizopus, Trichophyton, etc.Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Cryptococcus neoformans, etc.

13

Energy ProductionSecrete hydrolytic enzymes that degrade biopolymers such as starch, cellulose and lignin into simpler substances that can be absorbed.Convert carbohydrates to alcohol and carbon dioxide in anaerobic through fermentation. Also obtain carbon from hexose sugars.

14

UsesUseful in biodegradation, food production (cheese)Making of alcoholic beverages which contain ethanol, used in baking, bioremediation, industrial ethanol production, probiotics, and food addictive or flavors.

15

Health HazardsCan cause allergic reactions and respiratory problems.Can cause infection in individuals with compromised immune systems.

Difference Between Mold and Yeast

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The Author

Sagar Aryal

Sagar Aryal

I am Sagar Aryal, a passionate Microbiologist and the Scientific Blogger. I did my Master's Degree in Medical Microbiology and currently working as a Teaching Assistant at St. Xavier's College, Kathmandu, Nepal. I am particularly interested in research related to Medical Microbiology and Virology. Find me on Facebook, Twitter or Linkedin !!!

4 Comments

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  1. Thank you very much sir.

  2. Thanks for giving us more knowledge

  3. thanks for giving us more knowledge

  4. Nice to know about your work

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