Difference between Serum and Plasma 4.53/5 (34)

Difference between Serum and Plasma

Difference between Serum and Plasma       S.N. Characteristics Serum Plasma 1. Definition Serum is the liquid part of the blood after the coagulation. Plasma is a clear and yellowish fluid part of the blood. 2. Composition Serum is the water fluid from blood without the clotting factors. Plasma is the blood fluid that […]

Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) Test for the diagnosis of Syphilis 4.38/5 (8)

Rapid-Plasma-Reagin-(RPR)-Test-for-the-diagnosis-of-Syphilis

Rapid Plasma Reagin (RPR) Test for the diagnosis of Syphilis Introduction Rapid plasma reagin (RPR) is macroscopic, non treponemal, flocculation card test used to screen for syphilis caused by Treponema pallidum. RPR is simple test can be done within few minutes. This test is less sensitive than treponemal test in early syphilis infection. Two types […]

Biochemical Test and Identification of Staphylococcus epidermidis 4.78/5 (18)

Biochemical Test and Identification of Staphylococcus epidermidis

Biochemical Test and Identification of Staphylococcus epidermidis ­Basic Characteristics Properties (Staphylococcus epidermidis) Capsule Mostly Capsulated Catalase Positive (+ve) Citrate Negative (-ve) Coagulase Negative (-ve) Gas Positive (+ve) Gelatin Hydrolysis Negative (-ve) Gram Staining Positive (+ve) H2S Positive (+ve) Hemolysis Negative (-ve) Motility Negative (-ve) MR (Methyl Red) Negative (-ve) Nitrate Reduction Positive (+ve) Oxidase Negative […]

Biochemical Test and Identification of Bacillus anthracis 4.32/5 (19)

Biochemical Test and Identification of Bacillus anthracis

Biochemical Test and Identification of Bacillus anthracis ­Basic Characteristics Properties (Bacillus anthracis) Capsule Capsulated Catalase Positive (+ve) Gas Negative (-ve) Gelatin Hydrolysis Positive (+ve) Gram Staining Positive (+ve) Hemolysis Negative (-ve) Indole Positive (+ve) Motility Negative (-ve) Nitrate Reduction Positive (+ve) Oxidase Negative (-ve) Pigment Negative (-ve) Shape Rods Spore Positive (+ve) Urease Negative (-ve) […]

Biochemical Test and Identification of Bacillus cereus 4.33/5 (36)

Biochemical Test and Identification of Bacillus cereus

Biochemical Test and Identification of Bacillus cereus ­Basic Characteristics Properties (Bacillus cereus) Catalase Positive (+ve) Citrate Positive (+ve) Gelatin Hydrolysis Negative (-ve) Gram Staining Positive (+ve) Growth in KCN Positive (+ve) Hemolysis Positive (+ve) Indole Negative (-ve) Motility Positive (+ve) MR (Methyl Red) Negative (-ve) Nitrate Reduction Variable Oxidase Negative (-ve) Pigment Negative (-ve) Shape […]

Difference between Innate and Adaptive Immunity 4.67/5 (115)

Difference between Innate and Adaptive Immunity

Difference between Innate and Adaptive Immunity S.N. Characteristics Innate Immunity Adaptive immunity 1. Presence Innate immunity is something already present in the body. Adaptive immunity is created in response to exposure to a foreign substance. 2. Specificity Non-Specific Specific 3. Response Fights any foreign invader Fight only specific infection 4. Response Rapid Slow (1-2 weeks) […]

Biochemical Test and Identification of Bacillus subtilis 4.35/5 (43)

Biochemical Test and Identification of Bacillus subtilis

Biochemical Test and Identification of Bacillus subtilis ­Basic Characteristics Properties (Bacillus subtilis) Catalase Positive (+ve) Citrate Positive (+ve) Flagella Flagellated Gas Negative (-ve) Gelatin Hydrolysis Positive (+ve) Gram Staining Gram Positive (+ve) Indole Negative (-ve) Motility Positive (+ve) MR (Methyl Red) Negative (-ve) Nitrate Reduction Positive (+ve) Oxidase Variable Pigment Negative (-ve) Shape Rods Spore […]

Difference between Replication and Transcription 4.08/5 (25)

Difference between Replication and Transcription

Difference between Replication and Transcription S.N. Characteristics Replication Transcription 1. Definition DNA replication is the process of making two daughter strand where each daughter strand contains half of the original DNA double helix. Transcription is the process of synthesis of RNA using DNA as a template. 2. Purpose To conserve the entire genome for next […]

Spread Plate Technique- Principle, Procedure and Uses 4.28/5 (36)

Spread Plate Technique- Principle, Procedure and Uses

Spread Plate Technique- Principle, Procedure and Uses Spread plate technique is the method of isolation and enumeration of microorganisms in a mixed culture and distributing it evenly. The technique makes it easier to quantify bacteria in a solution. Principle of Spread Plate Technique The spread plate technique involves using a sterilized spreader with a smooth […]

Scrub Typhus- Etiology, Epidemiology, Symptoms, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment 4.5/5 (10)

Scrub Typhus- Etiology, Epidemiology, Symptoms, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment

Scrub Typhus- Etiology, Epidemiology, Symptoms, Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment Scrub Typhus is an acute febrile illness which is caused by an obligate intracellular pathogen called Orientia tsutsugamushi, which is transmitted by the bite of infected larval stage trombiculid mite, Leptotrombidium spp. (Chiggers). The name scrub typhus was applied after discovery of increased frequency of the […]

Mannitol Salt Agar for the isolation of Staphylococcus aureus 4.91/5 (11)

Mannitol Salt Agar for the isolation of Staphylococcus aureus

Mannitol Salt Agar for the isolation of Staphylococcus aureus Mannitol Salt Agar (MSA) is used as a selective and differential medium for the isolation and identification of Staphylococcus aureus from clinical and non-clinical specimens. It encourages the growth of a group of certain bacteria while inhibiting the growth of others. It is a selective medium […]

Bird Seed Agar for the isolation of Cryptococcus neoformans 5/5 (5)

Bird Seed Agar for the isolation of Cryptococcus neoformans

Bird Seed Agar for the isolation of Cryptococcus neoformans Bird Seed Agar is a solid medium used for selective and differential isolation of Cryptococcus neoformans from clinical specimens. Cryptococcus neoformans is an encapsulated yeast that produces the enzyme phenoloxidase, an enzyme necessary in melanin synthesis. The brown pigmented colonies of Cryptococcus neoformans were observed by Staib […]

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